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It is 300 years since this first postal map, with all the post routes, created in 1721. In folding block sheet format, a unique seal.
Throughout the seventeenth century the first thematic or singular maps appeared in France, and some of them represented roads with their post houses. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the Spanish post office became administered directly by the State, with the appointment of the first Superintendent of Posts and Posts by King Felipe V.
In 1721, the Marquis of Grimaldo, first secretary of the State Office, commissioned Bernard Jean Hyacinthe Jaillot to make a map of Spain with all the post routes.
This geographical chart is magnificently engraved with a large number of details: territorial divisions, cities, hydrography, profile orography, geographical orientation, margins graduated with the first meridian on the island of Hierro and the main routes through which the mail traveled with its corresponding post houses.
Highlights the quality of the poster for the title in the lower right corner, framed in a border, whose lower part is occupied by two steeds fastened from the flanges by two postillons; the sides with the vegetation of abundance and the symbolic weapons of military power, all crowned with the shield of the Bourbon dynasty, flanked by a double allegory of Fame.
In the other lower corner another colorful poster, which collects various types of scales, the conventional signs used and the editor's data. Two cartridges explain the fees that individuals had to pay, per league, for the use of the network of the Spanish and Portuguese posts. Hand-colored, especially the radial routes that starting from Madrid linked with Valencia and Cartagena, in the east; Barcelona, in the northeast; Bayonne and San Sebastian in the north; Coruña and Pontevedra in Galicia; Badajoz in Extremadura and Cádiz and Granada in Andalusia.The transversal itinerary that connects Burgos with Lisbon is also highlighted.
Product Philately Correos
Printing: offset, with coated, gummed and phosphorescent paper
Seal size: 71.6 x 94.5 mm (vertical)
Publication Date: May 3, 2021
Product exempt from VAT.